A Concise Summary Juz 1 Part 1 Hizb 2

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَأَنْذَرْتَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تُنْذِرْهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

  • Indeed those who disbelieve and have the potential of disbelieving it is the same whether you warn them or do not warn them they will never believe
  • Those who have doubt in this book
  • It is not talking about all non muslims
  • Those who buried the seed of truth deep in the ground
  • You will not find a better speaker than the Prophet
  • You will not find a better book than the Quran
  • Yet they still disbelieved
  • They turned away


 خَتَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَعَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِمْ ۖ وَعَلَىٰ أَبْصَارِهِمْ غِشَاوَةٌ ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

  • Allah has placed a seal upon their hearts, upon their hearing and even over their vision is a veil and for them is a great punishment
  • Allah sealed the heart first because this surah talks about the states of the heart
  • Taqwa is in the heart
  • Iman is in the heart
  • Doubt lies in the heart
  • All of these were discussed before in the surah
  • The complete sealing
  • When the heart is sealed whatever they hear is no good anymore
  • And even over their eyes there is a covering
  • But they cannot see the example of the Prophet or muslims anymore


وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَقُولُ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَبِالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَمَا هُمْ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ

  • There are three kinds of people
  • Those who believe and have the potential of believing
  • Those who disbelieve and have the potential of disbelieving
  • The hypocrites
  • And from amongst the people are some who say we believe in Allah and even in the last day
  • But they are not true believers
  • These are the hypocrites who try to blend in with the believers
  • Hypocrites are guilty and this is their guilty conscience speaking


يُخَادِعُونَ اللَّهَ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَمَا يَخْدَعُونَ إِلَّا أَنْفُسَهُمْ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ

  • They think to deceive Allah and the believers
  • How can you deceive Allah
  • The hypocrites are actually trying to deceive the Messenger
  • Allah is saying deceiving the Messenger is the same as deceiving Allah
  • Hypocrisy is a big deal in the Quran
  • Hypocrisy can destroy the guidance in you
  • No one is safe from hypocrisy except a hypocrite
  • We cannot call anyone a hypocrite
  • There are two kinds of hypocrites
  • Those who know who is a hypocrite
  • The one who does not know he or she is a hypocrite
  • Hypocrisy will always be there
  • They try to deceive Allah’s cause
  • They have no realization whatsoever


فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّهُ مَرَضًا ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ

  • In their hearts is a disease then Allah increased the disease
  • For them is a great punishment for what they habitually used to lie about
  • Hypocrites try to protect themselves too
  • Danger comes from one side they get out from the other side
  • They have friends on believers side and disbelievers side
  • Either your heart is diseased or you fill it with imaan
  • They spread lies about the Prophet his family and Islam and Allah
  • Lies about the other Muslims


وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ

  • When it is said do not cause corruption on the earth they say we are only peacemakers
  • Anything you do that is not genuine or sincere is spreading corruption
  • If you build a masjid with the wrong intention it is corruption
  • It is genuine and beautiful on the outside
  • But ugly and corrupt on the inside
  • Hypocrites have no shame in declaring their self righteousness


أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْمُفْسِدُونَ وَلَٰكِنْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ

  • So listen up it is they who are the real causes of corruption
  • They create corruption
  • They perceive it not
  • They have no realization
  • The are the root cause of the problem


وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ آمِنُوا كَمَا آمَنَ النَّاسُ قَالُوا أَنُؤْمِنُ كَمَا آمَنَ السُّفَهَاءُ ۗ أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ السُّفَهَاءُ وَلَٰكِنْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

  • And when it is said to them believe as the people have believed
  • They say shall we believe as these fools have believed
  • So listen up It is they who are the fools and they know it not
  • The hypocrites call those who make these sacrifices stupid
  • Entering Islam in Makkah is more difficult than entering Islam in Madinah
  • Hypocrites did not want to make such sacrifices
  • Sahaba gave up everything they had for Allah and His Messenger
  • They insulted the Sahaba and Allah insulted them back
  • Insulting Allah’s companions is like insulting Allah


وَإِذَا لَقُوا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَوْا إِلَىٰ شَيَاطِينِهِمْ قَالُوا إِنَّا مَعَكُمْ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُسْتَهْزِئُونَ

  • And when they meet with the believers they say we believe
  • In private they call them fools
  • In public they say we are with you
  • But when they are with their devils they say we are with you
  • We were only mocking them


اللَّهُ يَسْتَهْزِئُ بِهِمْ وَيَمُدُّهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ

  • Allah throws their mockery back at them
  • And prolongs them in their transgression
  • As they wander blindly
  • Its like a dog pulling at a leash
  • You give a dog a 300 feet leash
  • It runs until it is choked to death
  • So Allah extended their leash until they choke themselves
  • They have no clarity in direction
  • They don’t know where to go
  • Because there is a veil over their eyes


أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ اشْتَرَوُا الضَّلَالَةَ بِالْهُدَىٰ فَمَا رَبِحَتْ تِجَارَتُهُمْ وَمَا كَانُوا مُهْتَدِينَ

  • Those are the people who have purchased misguidance in place of guidance
  • Trade is a powerful example in the Quran
  • Humans prefer cash as a salesperson, because the rewards are immediate
  • Allah offers us Jannah on credit we will earn after we die
  • Shaytan offers us a deal on cash and right now
  • There is a level of trust involved in a credit transaction
  • Allah offers us a credit deal and we just have His word
  • Hypocrites were given a credit deal
  • But they gave it up for misguidance and cash deal
  • Their trade did not have any profit
  • Their trade did not materialize at all
  • And they were never committed to guidance at all


مَثَلُهُمْ كَمَثَلِ الَّذِي اسْتَوْقَدَ نَارًا فَلَمَّا أَضَاءَتْ مَا حَوْلَهُ ذَهَبَ اللَّهُ بِنُورِهِمْ وَتَرَكَهُمْ فِي ظُلُمَاتٍ لَا يُبْصِرُونَ

  • Their example is like the one who lit a fire
  • In the middle of the night it is dark and a fire is lit
  • Then there is light around you
  • This is the likeness of the light of the Quran
  • This light has heat in it
  • The dark of the desert is cold
  • Revelation is warm, soft, and comforting
  • Allah took away their noor
  • So they could not see
  • What good is a fire when you cannot see
  • Revelation came but they did not appreciate it
  • Allah took away guidance from their heart
  • They can no longer accept guidance
  • The heart is a muscle that has to practice accepting guidance
  • If you do not exercise a muscle then it gets weaker and weaker
  • Until it finally dies
  • Every time you reject guidance you will eventually lose it


صُمٌّ بُكْمٌ عُمْيٌ فَهُمْ لَا يَرْجِعُونَ

  • Deaf, Mute, and Blind so they will not return
  • They cannot listen to the guidance
  • They cannot ask for the guidance
  • They cannot see the guidance
  • They are completely abandoned
  • They will never return to guidance to that fire they lit


أَوْ كَصَيِّبٍ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فِيهِ ظُلُمَاتٌ وَرَعْدٌ وَبَرْقٌ يَجْعَلُونَ أَصَابِعَهُمْ فِي آذَانِهِمْ مِنَ الصَّوَاعِقِ حَذَرَ الْمَوْتِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ مُحِيطٌ بِالْكَافِرِينَ

  • Or is it like dark clouds and really heavy rain from the sky
  • Revelation can also be hard and scary
  • There is thunder and lightening
  • They stick their fingers in their ears out of fear of death
  • It is a heavy sound from the sky
  • It is a deafening sound a really loud explosion
  • It happens continually
  • When the hypocrites hear the warning in the Quran it is depressing for them
  • They cannot hear it
  • Allah has completely encircled the disbelievers
  • They will be raised blind on the day of judgement
  • Just as they turn a blind eye to revelation


يَكَادُ الْبَرْقُ يَخْطَفُ أَبْصَارَهُمْ ۖ كُلَّمَا أَضَاءَ لَهُمْ مَشَوْا فِيهِ وَإِذَا أَظْلَمَ عَلَيْهِمْ قَامُوا ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَذَهَبَ بِسَمْعِهِمْ وَأَبْصَارِهِمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

  • The lightening almost snatches away their eyesight
  • The light of revelation is so strong that they are blinded by it
  • When it lights the way for them they walk a little
  • But when its dark they stand still
  • They follow the revelation when it is convenient for them
  • If Allah had willed He could have taken away their hearing and seeing
  • Allah is able to do anything He wills
  • In the previous example Allah did take away their eyesight
  • In this example He did not so they still have a chance to return back to guidance