The People Allah Loves Expecially
Surah Al Furqan (25): The People Allah Especially Loves
“Blessed is He who has placed in the sky great stars and placed therein a [burning] lamp and luminous moon.” (Sahih International) (25:61)
منيرا : something that reflects light (describing the moon). Its miraculous that the Qur’an correctly stated that the Moon didn’t give off light, rather it reflects light from the Sun (1400 years ago)!
Dr. Amin Eslahi commented that the Sun and the Moon will be two special witnesses for us on the Day of Judgment. The Sun will testify whether you prayed your prayers, and the Moon will testify whether you observed the fasting of Ramadan.
“And it is He who has made the night and the day conflicting for whoever wants to remember or wants to show gratitude.” (25:62)
32. A Thematic Overview
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خلفة : conflicting/backwards. *this is beautiful because Allah mentions the night before the day, which is opposite to the order we expect...So Allah uses the word for conflicting that also means backwards
اراد ان يذكر : “whoever wants to remember”... the way to remember Allah is through the prayer they’ve been told to perform (in context of mentioning the sun in the previous ayah).
اراد شكورا : “whoever wants to show gratitude”...these people are of a higher caliber, because they pray to Allah simply because he is Allah, not because they have to.
“And the servants of the Extremely Merciful are those who walk upon the earth humbly, and when emotional people address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace,” (25:63)
هونا : walk on Earth with humility...not just how you physically walk, but your attitude as well. How do you deal with people? Do not try to intimidate people, or assert your superiority. Be humble.
جاهلون : “People who get over emotional”...this should not be translated as “ignorant.” This is a state of being. You and I can be Jaahil when we get into a heated discussion with our siblings, our parents, our spouses, etc.
سلاما : when confronted with harshness, the Servants of the Extremely Merciful respond by literally saying “peace”, as in “I’m not going to get roped into a shouting match” or it means “peacefully” in which case you say what needs to be said, but you say it in a dignified manner.
“And those who spend their the night exclusively for their Lord, prostrating and standing [in prayer]” (25:64)
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الذين : this second الذين shows that it’s a new group people
“And those who say, "Our Lord, avert from us the punishment of Hell. Indeed, its punishment is ever adhering;” (Sahih International) (25:66)
Indeed, it is evil as a temporary place to stay and place to stay forever."
As Believers, we believe that Hell is real. Because we believe Hell is real, we are terrified of Hell.
When a child gets scared, who do they run to? They run to their parents because they love them and because they feel they are protectors. So Allah loves that you make dua to him to save you from the fire of Hell...it’s a testament of our love for Him!
The other feeling that this ayah conveys is that the Believer is genuinely worried that they will go to Hell because they’ve made a lot of mistakes in life, and Allah loves the servants who turn back to Him
“And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed], except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And whoever should do that will meet a penalty.” (Sahih International) (25:67)
اسراف : overspending on things that you need (ex. food)
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قواما : a standard you don’t budge from
“And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed], except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And whoever should do that will meet a penalty.” (Sahih International) (25:68)
Committing shirk? Murder? Zina? All Muslims know that these are major sins, why would Allah bring these things up in the middle of talking about the Servants of the Extremely Merciful...
“Multiplied for him is the punishment on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein humiliated –“ (Sahih International) (25:69)
“Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them Allah will replace their evil deeds with good. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.” (Sahih International) (25:70)
آمن : to return to faith... faith is of two types
Real: the iman inside all of us
Legal: how we are classified as Muslims for practical purposes (ex. marriage)
The person who sinned didn’t legally leave faith, but they left the “real faith,” which is why they needed to return through repentance
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عمل عملا صالحا : If you really have repented, you are going to take huge steps to improve yourself through action
يبدل : Allah will convert all your sins into good deeds...that’s not justice, that’s love!
“And he who repents and does righteousness does indeed turn to Allah with [accepted] repentance.” (Sahih International) (25:71)
“عملا” : isn’t mentioned in this ayah like it was previously...because these people didn’t commit those major sins, so they didn’t feel the need to do huge good deeds to get back on track. But Allah tells them that even when these “lesser sinners” make tawbah, it is a huge deal (متابا is a masdar mimi, which means it’s an extremely powerful idea).
“And [they are] those who do not testify to falsehood, and when they pass near ill speech, they pass by with dignity.” (Sahih International) (25:72)
بالغو مروا كراما : Allah teaches us not to make a scene or be socially awkward when you see laghw happening...just pass by with grace. The time for advice is later, not when the party is happening!
We also notice that this person who has trying to shape up his life realizes that this gathering is like a gateway drug...the useless things that are being said or done will take him down the path of committing big sins again, so he has to avoid even the most minor useless things to protect himself
“And those who, when reminded of the verses of their Lord, do not fall upon them deaf and blind.” (Sahih International) (25:73)
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Allah loves the fact that when we are reminded of Him, we think about Him!
“And those who say, "Our Lord, grant us from among our wives and offspring comfort to our eyes and make us an example for the righteous." (Sahih International) (25:74)
هبة : an unexpected gift
1 : قرة أعين Cry tears of Joy, 2 Find refuge from the storm, 3 to not be able to take your
eyes off of someone (to be satisfied and enamored with a person)
اماما : a leader in the family
“Those will be awarded the Chamber for what they patiently endured, and they will be received therein with greetings and [words of] peace.” (Sahih International) (25:75)
“Abiding eternally therein. Good is the settlement and residence.” (Sahih International) )25:76(
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“Say, "What would my Lord care for you if not for your supplication?" For you [disbelievers] have denied, so your denial is going to be adherent.” (Sahih International) (25:77)
The opposite of this statement is “As long as you make dua, Allah will care about you...” This compassion is incredible, because just a couple ayahs ago we made dua to Allah!
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